Spectrum of surgical site infections at a tertiary care hospital in Hyderabad

Original Article

Author Details : Ahmed Abdul Muqtadir, Guruprasad Mandevwad, Rajkumar H R V, Ruturaj M K, Ravi Shankar Reddy*

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2020

Article Page : 322-326


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Introduction: Surgical site infections (SSI) constitute a major public health problem worldwide and are the second most frequently reported nosocomial infections. They are responsible for increasing the treatment cost, readmission, length of hospital stay and significant morbidity and mortality. The present study was aimed to determine the incidence of SSIs and the prevalence of aerobic bacterial pathogens involved with their antibiogram at our tertiary care hospital.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted for a period of one year (January to December 2019).
The SSI occurrence, the organisms isolated, antibiotic sensitivity pattern as well as outcome of the treatment is evaluated.
Results: In overall surgeries conducted in a year at our institute, we found 15 cases from various department were clinically diagnosed of having SSIs, including 11 male and 4 females with the mean age of 43.7 years. Out of the total 15 samples processed, 9 (60%) yielded bacterial growth including Staphylcoccus species, Enteroccous, Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter species. Most of these are organisms isolated were not multidrug resistant.
Discussion: Management of SSIs remains a significant concern for surgeons and physicians in a health care facility, which carries a load with high morbidity and mortality. Due to the proper hospital infection control management we report the occurrence of low SSI in our hospital with the absence of multidrug resistance. We emphasis the importance of hospital infection control monitoring with proper precautions during surgeries to reduce the load of SSI and better outcome of the treatment.

Keywords: Bacterial drug resistance, Surgical site infections.

How to cite : Muqtadir A A , Mandevwad G , Rajkumar H R V, Ruturaj M K, Reddy R S, Spectrum of surgical site infections at a tertiary care hospital in Hyderabad. Indian J Microbiol Res 2020;7(4):322-326

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)

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