Comparative analysis of NS1 antigen card test and ELISA of clinically suspected dengue fever cases in a tertiary care hospital, Mumbai


Original Article

Author Details : Shilpi Hora, Parul Salunke*, Sita Shivram

Volume : 8, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 20-23

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.005



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Abstract

Background: Dengue, mosquito borne acute febrile viral illness has evolved as a global life threatening public health concern in South east Asia affecting around 2.5 billion individuals in more than 100 countries.
Aim: The study was conducted to compare commercially available NS1 Ag card test with IgM Capture ELISA.
Materials and Methods: A total of 521 clinically suspected cases of dengue were tested by Rapid Card test and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).
Results: Confirmed dengue positive cases by these methods were 228.A total of 222 cases were found to be positive by Card test. Out of these 222 positive samples, 61 (27.5%) were positive for NS1 antigen only. A total of 123 cases were positive for IgM by ELISA (99 for IgM only and 24 for IgM + IgG) as compared to 117 cases by rapid card test. Thus six cases (2.6%) of IgM positivity were missed by the rapid card test.
Conclusion: Immunochromatographic testing (ICT) can prove to be a very useful tool for especially in resource poor settings, such as in the peripheral health care center. On the other hand, in tertiary care hospitals, where a large number of samples are to be tested and the technical expertise is available, ELISA can be very effective in diagnosis of dengue infection.

Keywords: Dengue Fever, ELISA, NS1 Ag.


How to cite : Hora S , Salunke P , Shivram S , Comparative analysis of NS1 antigen card test and ELISA of clinically suspected dengue fever cases in a tertiary care hospital, Mumbai. Indian J Microbiol Res 2021;8(1):20-23


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 10-02-2021

Accepted : 08-03-2021

Available online : 02-04-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.005


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