Uropathogens and their antibiotic susceptibility profile in a tertiary carehospital


Original Article

Author Details : Anjali Agarwal*, Jyoti Srivastava, Seema Bose, Ujjwal Maheshwari

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 112-118

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.022



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Abstract

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common infections in the community and hospitals. Uropathogens colonize the urinary tract and may ascend to bladder causing cystitis, if left untreated reach kidneys through ureters can be responsible for acute pyelonephritis and cause renal damage.
Aims: The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infections and antibiotic susceptibility pattern in a tertiary care hospital.
Settings & Design: This is an observational study conducted in Microbiology department, Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki.
Materials and Methods: A total of 623 urine(mid-stream) samples were collected from indoor and outdoor departments of hospital and culture was done on UTI chromogenic agar using semiquantitative method. Antibiotic sensitivity test was performed using Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method.
Results: Prevalence of urinary tract infections is 29% in the study. (43%) is the most common micro-organism isolated followed by (13%), (11%), (10.4%), (8.8%), (3.3%), (1.6%), CONS & (1.1%) and (6.6%). The females(56.6%) are more commonly affected than males.
Conclusion: In the present study, beta-lactamase inhibitors and aminoglycosides were effective drugs against gram negative bacteria. Vancomycin and linezolid were sensitive in gram positive bacteria. Nitrofurantoin is the promising drug in cases of uncomplicated UTI, and safe to use in pregnancy. High recurrence rates and antimicrobial resistance are responsible for increasing the burden of disease. It is advised to use the antibiotics judiciously as per the hospital antibiotic policy which will help prevent multidrug resistance micro-organism further reducing morbidity and mortality.


Keywords: Escherichia coli, Urinary tract infections, Uropathogens.


How to cite : Agarwal A, Srivastava J, Bose S, Maheshwari U, Uropathogens and their antibiotic susceptibility profile in a tertiary carehospital. Indian J Microbiol Res 2021;8(2):112-118


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 23-12-2020

Accepted : 28-06-2021

Available online : 30-07-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.022


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