Bacteriological profile of pyoderma and its antibiotic sensitivity pattern in a tertiary care hospital in North Karnataka


Original Article

Author Details : Sunilkumar Biradar, Amaresh Nigudgi, Chandrashekar Kadaganchi, Praveen Kumar Doddamani*

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 135-138

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.027



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Abstract

Introduction: Pyoderma is one of the common skin condition seen in dermatological OPD. Pyoderma are purulent infections of skin and its appendages mainly caused by various bacteria. Pyoderma could be primary or secondary to other conditions such as impetigo, carbuncle, folliculitis & others.
Materials and Methods: Two sterile swabs collected from the lesions each for Gram staining and culture. Culture done on sheep blood agar and MacConkey agar & incubated at 37C. Identification done by colony morphology, repeat gram staining & biochemical tests. Antibiotic sensitivity testing of Isolates done by Kirby bauer disc diffusion testing following CLSI guidelines.
Discussion: Of 315 cases diagnosed clinically as Pyoderma only 295 were culture positive. 59% of cases were primary type and impetigo was the most common type. Males were affected more than females in ratio 1.56:1. was found to be the most common cause of Pyoderma followed by and streptococcus pyogenes in gram positive bacteria. In gram negative bacteria is most common followed by The major associated risk factors for causation of Pyoderma were found to be Malnutrition (35%) followed by Diabetes (16.5%), Hypertension (6.3%) & multiple comorbidities found in 12.6% of cases. However in 94 cases (30%) no associated factors detected.
Conclusion: Pyoderma mainly affects males than females with 10-30yrs being the most common age group affected. is the most common causative agent. Antibiotic sensitivity testing is mandatory to treat effectively & control drug resistance.


Keywords: Pyoderma, Impetigo, Staphylococcus aureus.


How to cite : Biradar S, Nigudgi A, Kadaganchi C, Doddamani P K, Bacteriological profile of pyoderma and its antibiotic sensitivity pattern in a tertiary care hospital in North Karnataka. Indian J Microbiol Res 2021;8(2):135-138


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 26-06-2021

Accepted : 17-07-2021

Available online : 30-07-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.027


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