Microbiological profile of infective keratitis in a tertiary care hospital in north Karnataka


Original Article

Author Details : Sunilkumar Biradar, Amaresh Nigudgi, Praveen Doddamani, Pampareddy B Kollur*

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 168-173

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.035



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Abstract

Introduction: Corneal blindness is seen worldwide with 1.5 to 2 million new cases reported every year and approximately there are 6.8 million cases of corneal blindness in India.
Materials and Methods: The study constituted 109 clinically diagnosed infective keratitis cases. Aseptically collected corneal scrapings are subjected to Gram stain, KOH wet mount & Culture. Further identification done by study of Colony morphology, staining & biochemical tests. Antibiotic sensitivity was found using Kirby buer’s disc diffusion method following CLSI guidelines.
Results & Discussion: Males affected more common than females. Common age group being 21-40 yrs. Infective keratitis is usually Bacterial(61.4%) in origin than fungal(22%). Trauma found to be the most common predisposing factor followed by diabetes, other ocular diseases, surgery & corticosteroid therapy. Trauma with vegetative material is most common. Streptococcus pneumonia & pseudomonas are most common bacterial cause while Fusarium & Aspergillus cause most fungal cases.
Conclusion: Infective keratitis both bacterial & fungal are more common in working males, mainly agriculturists who are exposed to vegetative trauma. Early detection and treatment with proper antibacterial & antifungals is important to prevent ocular problems and scarring of cornea.


Keywords: Infective keratitis, Fungal keratitis, Streptococcus pneumoniae.


How to cite : Biradar S, Nigudgi A, Doddamani P, Kollur P B, Microbiological profile of infective keratitis in a tertiary care hospital in north Karnataka. Indian J Microbiol Res 2021;8(2):168-173


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 26-06-2021

Accepted : 08-07-2021

Available online : 30-07-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.035


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