Incidence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in Pediatric ward in General hospital, Bhopal (M.P)


Case Report

Author Details : Shipra Shrivastava*

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 179-181

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.036



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Abstract

Objective: To determine the incidence of HBV and HCV in pediatric ward in Rajeev Gandhi General Hospital and College, Bhopal. (M.P.) Viral hepatitis caused by HCV and HBV represents a major public health problem in India. These viruses share common modes of transmission, as parenteral route.
Materials and Methods: Hospital base study of pediatric cases admitted to hospital during a period from March 2019 to February 2020. Pediatric cases were studied for the incidence of HBsAg and HCV Ab by ELISA, Rapid technique. The positive result was confirmed with line immuno-assay.
Results: the study showed positive HBsAg in 12 patients and HCV in 2 cases out 25 cases represented with acute hepatitis from a total of 1762 pediatric cases were submitted in this study, with incidence rate of 0.68% and 0.11% respectively.
Conclusion: The incidence of HBV and HCV are low, therefore active program need to be applied to control the spread of infection among the population.
Keywords: HBsAG, HCV, ELISA, Childhood, Adolescent


How to cite : Shrivastava S, Incidence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in Pediatric ward in General hospital, Bhopal (M.P). Indian J Microbiol Res 2021;8(2):179-181


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 21-06-2021

Accepted : 22-06-2021

Available online : 30-07-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.036


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