Antinuclear antibody patterns by indirect immunofluorescence test: An experience from a rural tertiary health centre of Puducherry, South India


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Author Details : Udhayasankar Ranganathan*, Gopal Rangasamy, Mangaiyarkarasi Thiyagarajan, Sunil Shivekar

Volume : 8, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 260-262

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.053



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Abstract

Background: Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) are known to be associated with autoimmune diseases and most commonly with connective tissue diseases (CTD). Screening for ANA is the first investigation of choice in the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases and indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) test using Hep-2 cells has been considered the gold standard method. The prevalence of autoimmune diseases and hence the ANA positivity and ANA IIF patterns differ in various geographical regions.
Aims and Objectives: This study was aimed to estimate the ANA positivity rates among patients with suspected or confirmed auto immune diseases and to determine the common ANA IIF patterns in the positive samples.
Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study including 235 patients with either clinical suspicion of, or suffering from autoimmune diseases attending a tertiary health care hospital in Puducherry, South India, between November 2018 and April 2020. ANA IIF test (Hep 20-10/ primate liver, Euroimmun, Germany) was performed with 1:100 dilutions of patient serum.
Results: The ANA positivity rate was 14.5% (34 out of 235 samples were positive). ANA was positive in 10 (13.3%) males and 24 (15%) females. The mean age of ANA positive patients were 43.4 years.The most common pattern was nucleus fine granular (n=8) followed by cytoplasm fine granular (n=7) and centromere (n=4).
Conclusion: A significant ANA positivity rate was found in our study and a detailed clinical study has to be conducted to draw further conclusions.


Keywords: Antinuclear antibodies, Indirect immunofluorescence test, ANA patterns.


How to cite : Ranganathan U, Rangasamy G, Thiyagarajan M, Shivekar S, Antinuclear antibody patterns by indirect immunofluorescence test: An experience from a rural tertiary health centre of Puducherry, South India. Indian J Microbiol Res 2021;8(3):260-262


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 17-06-2021

Accepted : 12-08-2021

Available online : 22-09-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.053


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