Comparative study of manual conventional blood cultures versus automated blood culture system in cases of septicemia


Original Article

Author Details : Lubna Saher, Mustafa Afzal, Humera Qudsia Fatima Ansari*

Volume : 8, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 327-332

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.065



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Abstract

Introduction: Blood cultures are a proven gold standard method for the identification of causative agents of bloodstream infections. Identification of causative organism along with antibiotic susceptibility plays a pivotal role in proposing suitable antibiotic therapy. Automated blood culture systems show improved monitoring of blood cultures by reducing the time and by ensuring more accurate results when compared to the conventional blood culture system.
Aims and Objectives: To isolate the organism from given blood samples of a suspected case of septicemia and to compare the results of conventional and automated blood culture systems and to study the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the pathogens isolated.
Materials and Methods: A prospective study of 6 months period was conducted among 100 subjects attending the Department of Microbiology in a tertiary care hospital. Subjects with symptoms and signs of septicemia were included. 25ml of venous blood was drawn aseptically from the venipuncture site, of which 5ml of blood was inoculated into 50ml of Brain Heart Infusion bottle in conventional blood culture system and 10ml each into aerobic and anaerobic BACTEC PLUS bottle in Automated blood culture system BACTEC FX40.
Results: Overall, 48% and 60% of the samples revealed positive growth by the conventional and automated blood culture system BACTEC FX40, respectively. Gram Positive Cocci were 52.08% and Gram Negative Bacilli were 47.91% isolated by conventional blood culture system, whereas automated blood culture system BACTEC FX40 isolated 45% and 55%, respectively. Isolates were detected within 24-48hrs and 12-24 hrs by conventional and automated blood culture systems, respectively. The anti-microbial susceptibility pattern of the pathogens isolated was also recorded by Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method of antimicrobial susceptiblity testing.
Conclusion: Automated blood culture systems are a trustworthy substitute to conventional blood culture systems. The automated blood culture systems being more sensitive and rapid in detecting septicemia in subjects acts as an appropriate means for the initial identification and detection of blood pathogens and improved provision of antimicrobial therapeutic options for septic Patients especially in Critical Care and Intensive Care Units where positive culture reporting is crucial.
 

Keywords: Conventional blood culture system, Automated blood culture system, Blood culture, Septicemia.


How to cite : Saher L, Afzal M, Ansari H Q F, Comparative study of manual conventional blood cultures versus automated blood culture system in cases of septicemia. Indian J Microbiol Res 2021;8(4):327-332


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 18-11-2021

Accepted : 08-12-2021

Available online : 16-12-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmr.2021.065


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