Melioidosis: An emerging infection in India


Original Article

Author Details : Sathya Bhama MC, Saritha N, Jyothi R

Volume : 4, Issue : 2, Year : 2017

Article Page : 190-193


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Abstract

Introduction: Melioidosis is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei which is endemic in South East Asia. Lack of proper microbiological services in many countries results in under-reporting of cases and the global burden of infection remains underestimated. This is a study to analyse the clinical presentation and risk factors for melioidosis in India.
Materials and Method: A retrospective study was carried out on ten culture proven cases of melioidosis in a tertiary care hospital in South India between January 2009 and December 2014.
Result: Ten cases were studied in five years of which nine were males. They had varying clinical presentations like loss of weight and loss of appetite(10%), fever(60%), headache(10%), abdominal pain(20%), joint pain(10%), weakness of limbs(10%), swelling of thigh(20%) and faecal and urinary incontinence((10%). The risk factors included diabetes mellitus (100%), alcohol consumption(90%)and tuberculosis(30%). All the isolates were sensitive to Ceftazidime, Piperacillin-tazobactam, Imipenem, Cotrimoxazole, Amoxycillin-clavulanate and Meropenem while only 80% were sensitive to Ciprofloxacin. Of the 10 cases, two expired and the rest responded to treatment.
Conclusion: Melioidosis is an emerging infection in India especially in males and diabetes and alcoholism are identified as the commonest risk factors. Control of the disease requires close monitoring, improved clinical laboratory standards and aggressive therapy.

Keywords: Melioidosis, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Diabetes mellitus, Fever, Alcoholism, Ceftazidime


How to cite : Sathya Bhama Mc, Saritha N, Jyothi R, Melioidosis: An emerging infection in India. Indian J Microbiol Res 2017;4(2):190-193


Copyright © 2017 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





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